SARUA’s aim is thus to strengthen the leadership and institutions of higher education in the southern African region
Located in southeast Africa, Mozambique covers an area of 799 330km. Having been a Portuguese colony until 1975, Portuguese is the official language and it is used both academically and socially. Mozambique is one of two countries in the Southern Africa region that uses Portuguese as the main national language of communication. The most commonly-used local languages are Emakhuwa (26.1 per cent) and Xichangana (11.3 per cent). The 1980s in Mozambique were characterised by civil unrest and war, economic decline and sustained political instability. In 1992 the peace agreement between the government and the Mozambican National Resistance (Renamo) was signed, and in 1994 Mozambique held its first multi-party elections.